1. CURRENT ISSUES
VOCABULARY & GRAMMAR
|safeguard||serving as a protection or defense, ensuring safety|
|strive||to make strenuous efforts toward any goal|
|deploy||to arrange in a position of readiness, or to move strategically or appropriately|
|eliminate||to remove or get rid of, esp. as being in some way undesirable|
|integrity||adherence to moral and ethical principles; soundness of moral character; honesty|
|unanimous||in complete agreement; of one mind|
|convene||to come together or assemble, usually for some public purpose|
|preserve||to keep up; maintain; take action to prevent decay|
|mentor||instruct, learn, teach|
|deterrent||serving or tending to discourage or restrain from acting or proceeding|
|surge||повышение, быстрый рост, резкий скачок|
|clamp down||подавлять, прекращать, запретить|
|nurture||вынашивать, воспитывать, лелеять; питать|
|standoff||тупик, ничья, безвыходное положение|
|curtail||сокращать, урезать, уменьшать|
|inimical||враждебный, недружелюбный, неблагоприятный, вредный|
|flawed||бракованный; дефектный, ошибочный|
|imperil||подвергать опасности; рисковать|
|imply||означать, подразумевать, предполагать, значить|
- stance toward
- surge in
- support for
- transform into
- on the grounds
- in particular
- in general
- clamp down on
- impose on
- at a juncture
WORDS FOR REPORT
|a clear age gap on the issue|
|compared with a smaller share|
|more likely to favor|
|the survey explored the public’s views about|
|In regard to the negative consequences,|
|no statistically significant difference by age|
At a time when large powers and global trends are reshaping the regional environment, the only way for ASEAN countries to advance their interests effectively is by working together.
ASEAN has undergone an impressive turnaround in the past five decades.
The benefits of free and open trade are being questioned, international institutions are being challenged, new geopolitical powers are rising.
ASEAN members will feel the effects of the Fourth Industrial Revolution acutely.
The working-age population in the bloc is increasing by 11,000 people daily and will continue to grow at this rate for the next 15 years.
The demographic expansion is happening just as many existing jobs will be substituted by intelligent automation and AI.
Faced with these disruptive shifts, ASEAN must strengthen its community.
Indeed, the bloc has long been praised for its “open regionalism,” whereby it pursues economic integration among member states without discriminating against non-ASEAN economies.
With the architecture of global governance being challenged, ASEAN members must make their voices heard if they want a world that supports their interests.
Individually, Southeast Asia’s countries carry little weight; collectively, however, they represent almost a tenth of the world’s population and nearly 5% of its GDP.
Historically, ASEAN has played a pivotal role in facilitating regional relationships, giving rise to the notion of “ASEAN centrality” in Asia.
In 1993, the bloc established the ASEAN Regional Forum – now with 27 members – to foster dialogue on political and security concerns.
It established the East Asia Summit, currently with 18 member states, in 2005.
Today, however, the geopolitical context is evolving.
Unless ASEAN remains united as a bloc, it will lose its ability to convene regional actors, mediate disputes, and shape principles of international behavior and interaction.
But a reassessment is needed if ASEAN is to speak with a strong voice on regional matters, rather than allowing dissenting voices within the group to prevent the adoption of collective positions.
Given that existing global institutions are being challenged, and given the rise of Asia in global affairs, ASEAN must reinforce its ability to influence the debate.