1. CURRENT ISSUES
VOCABULARY & GRAMMAR
|dominate||to be the major factor or influence in|
|conventional||conforming to or following accepted standards|
|merge||to combine or unite into a single enterprise, organization, body|
|returns||a profit or gain, such as from work|
|abundant||present in great quantity; more than adequate; oversufficient|
|outline||to indicate the main features of|
|vehicle||a means of accomplishing a purpose|
|generate||to bring into existence; produce; originate|
|foreseeable||that can be sensed or known in advance|
|generic term||relating to, or applying to all the members of a class, group, or kind|
|(un)viable||(не)состоятельный, (не)жизнеспособный, (не)рентабельный|
|subsequent||последующий, более поздний|
|perspective||вид, точка зрения, видение, подход|
|tentatively||предварительно, в предварительном порядке, ориентировочно|
|indispensable||необходимый, незаменимый, обязательный|
|backlash||отрицательная реакция, ответный удар|
- marked by
- concluded with
- within the framework
- under the provisions
- regard as
- shield by
- associate with
- against the background
- perspective on
- dissent from
WORDS FOR REPORT
|a clear age gap on the issue|
|compared with a smaller share|
|more likely to favor|
|the survey explored the public’s views about|
|In regard to the negative consequences,|
|no statistically significant difference by age|
India has always been the indispensable swing vowel in the BRICS acronym.
India and the US have long regarded Pakistan, which notoriously sheltered Osama bin Laden, as an enabler of international terrorism.
In recent years, however, the global environment has changed dramatically.
All these goals are being pursued in a variety of multilateral forums.
But the matter was not officially discussed at the meeting and featured only tentatively in the closing declaration.
The BRIC acronym – created by then-Goldman Sachs economist Jim O’Neill in 2001 – was initially impelled by a vision of economic cooperation.
The BRICS seemed to be emerging as the premier platform of the Global South, articulating developing countries’ dissent from the so-called Washington Consensus – a tendency underscored by the addition of South Africa, the only African economy in the G20.
As a result, the BRICS appears to be undergoing an identity crisis.
India is said to have had a crucial hand in the drafting of the Beijing Declaration’s single reference to the bloc’s enlargement, buried deep within the 75-paragraph document.
Indian foreign-policy mandarins initially saw the group as a useful platform to increase India’s international influence, in keeping with its traditional role as a leader of the developing world.
If the bloc’s current strategic direction and possible enlargement push the country toward the exit, the grouping will become not just unpronounceable, but also unviable.