1. CURRENT ISSUES
VOCABULARY & GRAMMAR
|designate||to nominate or select; assign|
|respective||relating individually to each; particular|
|comprehensive||of large scope; covering or involving much; inclusive|
|expenditure||money spent; expense|
|stipulate||to specify in terms of agreement|
|assume||suppose; postulate; posit; to take over the duties or responsibilities of|
|resolve||to settle or solve (a question, dispute, etc.)|
|plenipotentiary||a diplomat given full power to conduct business for someone else|
|statutory||relating to or authorized by statute (a law passed by a legislature)|
|elaborate||to work out in great detail|
|shrink||сокращать, сокращаться, сжиматься|
|albeit||хотя, тем не менее, даже хотя|
|stringent||строгий, точный, обязательный, веский, убедительный|
|obtain||получать, приобретать, добиваться, достигать|
|forbid||запрещать, не позволять|
|articulate||ясно выражать, формулировать|
- to shrink by
- accompanied by
- encounter X xenophobic attitudes
- with respect to
- aware of
- access to
- with regard to
- engage in
- integrated into
- similar to
WORDS FOR REPORT
|a clear age gap on the issue|
|compared with a smaller share|
|more likely to favor|
|the survey explored the public’s views about|
|In regard to the negative consequences,|
|no statistically significant difference by age|
According to government projections, the population is expected to shrink by 2.5 million people by 2035, and the active working-age population will likely decrease by 3.1 million people.
By the 2000s, cases of forced migration had sharply decreased, but migrant workers from Central Asia were flooding the Russian labor market.
Asian migrants have occupied certain niches in the labor market, such as retail, construction and household services, and as visible minorities, they often encounter xenophobic attitudes.
This ongoing debate has caused a number of dizzying reversals in migration policy over the past two decades.
Policies were restrictive from 2002 until 2005, and again from 2008 to 2012, but the periods from 2006 to 2007, and again from 2013 to 2016, were relatively liberal.
If the federal authorities are rather reserved in their sympathies and antipathies to different migrant minorities, then regional authorities are free to consider anti-migrant attitudes of their constituents, often using any chance they get to demonstrate their control of the labor market and forbid migrants to engage in various types of economic activity.