1. CURRENT ISSUES
VOCABULARY & GRAMMAR
|disposal||power or right to use or have use of a thing; control|
|equality||the state or quality of being equal; correspondence in quantity, degree, value, rank, or ability|
|accomplish||to bring to its goal or conclusion; carry out; perform; finish, achieve|
|complementary||forming a satisfactory or balanced whole|
|joint statement||a document reflecting shared commitment and aims of the parties involved|
|crisis response||the advance planning and actions taken to address natural and man-made disasters, crises, critical incidents, and tragic events|
|sufficiency||an adequate quantity, which is large enough to achieve a purpose|
|preferential regime||treating certain entities, activities or structures over-favourably for the specific purposes|
|discord||disagreement; difference of opinion.|
|initiate||to begin, set going, or originate|
|deployment||размещение, расположение, базирование, дислоцирование|
|suppress||подавлять, пресекать, сдерживать|
|primary||первичный, основной, начальный, главный|
|launch||запускать, начинать, выпускать|
|resignation||отставка, отказ от должности|
|overestimate||оценивать слишком высоко; переоценивать|
|submission||представление, подача, подчинение|
|leverage||рычаг, двигатель; средство для достижения цели|
WORDS FOR REPORT
|a clear age gap on the issue|
|compared with a smaller share|
|more likely to favor|
|the survey explored the public’s views about|
|In regard to the negative consequences,|
|no statistically significant difference by age|
The outcome of the recent eight-hour-long US-Russia talks in Geneva was not reported on the main news broadcast of Russia’s state-owned Channel One, a primary propaganda outlet for the Kremlin, until the 11th minute.
Although the CSTO, a kind of “Warsaw Pact-lite,” was founded in the 1990s, the Kremlin has never used it to justify a foreign intervention until now, in the case of Kazakhstan.
If the Kremlin tries to take control of the country’s resources, it will end up in a confrontation with China, which it cannot afford.
Nonetheless, after years of the Kremlin standing by and watching as the US and China colonized Kazakhstan economically, those countries now must watch as Russian soldiers help to patrol Kazakh cities.
Though the intervention is supposed to scare the protesters into submission, it could well have the opposite effect, turning Kazakhs decidedly against Russia.